Ethernet Network Cabling

Home and Small Office Installations.

Your service provider's initial installation.

Super-fast broadband is now a widely available option for connecting to the internet via a standard telephone line. When the system is installed the engineer will install the new modem to your master socket and the router close by, as the diagram below shows: connection

Modem and wireless Router (Hub)

The internet speed to your PC or games console is then governed by the speed of the wireless signal from your Router. All Fibre Optic internet providers are now offering 100mb Internet which a standard WiFi connection will not be able to cope with. The easiest and best solution to overcome this limitation is to relocate the Router (in this case the black box) to the location of your PC, SMART TV or games console. This can be achieved by installing two RJ45 sockets and joining them with an ethernet cable. This will extend the physical bridge between the Router and the Modem.

If you want to make the most of your superfast broadband speed - particularly where the maximum speed of your service is up to 300Mbps - it's always best to connect your computers to your Hub using Ethernet cable.

Setting up an Ethernet cable network.

In some cases, it might just be a question of plugging one end of an Ethernet network cable into one of the Hub's four Ethernet ports and then plugging the other end into a device: be it a computer, set-top box or WiFi Access Point. Similarly, you can extend the Hub's Ethernet ports by using individual Ethernet cabling runs, again with only one device at each end, as shown here.


Hub connected directly into RJ45 sockets

Where you require more Ethernet points around your home, the Hub could be connected to an Ethernet network patch panel.

patch panel

Hub connected to a patch panel

With this type of set-up, your BT Home Hub is usually next to the Ethernet patch panel, which in turn connects via permanent cabling runs to the various extensions. Each of the four Ethernet connections on your Hub can then be patched across to your choice of Ethernet point.
If you've got a Hub 5, all four ports can support data speeds of up to 1,000Mbps. On the Hub 3 and Hub 4, only one port, the one labelled Gig-E (on the far right as you look at the Hub from the back), suppors 1,000Mbs). the other three ports support 100Mbps. So if your broadband service is 100Mbps or above, you should make sure this port is patched to the Ethernet point where you want the fastest speed.
If the Hub's four Ethernet ports aren't enough, or you need more Gigabit Ethernet points round your home, you can add them by plugging a multi-port Gigabit Ethernet network switch into a Gig-E port on the Hub (shown here with a Hub 3). If you have a patch panel, you can then patch the switch's ports to your choice of Ethernet points around your home. switch

Hub connected to an Ethernet network switch

The Ethernet network switch is likely to need mains power so you'll need an extra mains socket, along with the ones for your modem (if you've got one) and your Hub. If you are building or refurbishing your property, it's an ideal time to think about installing an Ethernet network. This work can be undertaken by a specialist such as MT Telecom.

If you are interested in or want more information about installing dedicated ethernet sockets, patch panel distribution or WiFi Access points, please contact me.